Terms in this set (15) Creativity is: a process by which a symbolic domain of culture is changed. Other theories emphasize a confluence of different elements and include intellectual and cognitive abilities in the equation. One of the most famous conceptions in this tradition comes from Wallas' (1926) classic, The Art of Thought. What is different about the study of creativity is that in other fields of research the newest theory often replaces the older theories. On the plus side, there is a pluralistic array of perspectives available, which admirably attempt to understand many aspects of this complex phenomenon, which account for current data reasonably well, and which have the potential for a great deal of integration and cross-connection. The theories are entitled creativity as a function of behavior, of personality, and of cognitive processes, respectively. Several psychological theories on the process of creativity are chronicled. The variety of current creativity theories has plusses and minuses. Some reasons for this have already been discussed, such as the lure of GUTs in other fields like physics8 and biology and the simple fact that life (and creativity research) would be so much easier if a single, grand unifying theory of creativity were possible. Spell. Because creativity is viewed as an interaction between a person, a task, and an environment, what is novel, high in quality, or task appropriate may vary from one person, task, or environment to another. The creative individual uses analytic ability to work out the implications of a creative idea and to test it. The investment theory of creativity, proposed in collaboration with Todd Lubart, holds that creativity is in large part a decision. restructuring; cf. The triangular theory builds upon 2 earlier accounts, namely, a 3-facet model of creativity and an investment theory of creativity. Before I am able to explain several of the leading theories of creativity, one must understand a confusing intricacy surrounding this topic of study. creativity among engineers, creativity among artists, etc. Match. Thus in terms of what is happening inside a creative thinker's head, divergent thinking skill may actually be many unrelated, domain specific cognitive skills; but in terms of how psychologists can understand these many diverse skills (viewing divergent thinking from the outside, as it were), divergent thinking is a coherent class of skills that bear a strong family resemblance. She explains that innovation is used in regards to the implementation of ideas whereas creativity describes only the generation of ideas. An implication of the investment theory of creativity is … In the article, The shifting sands of creative thinking: Connections to dual-process theory, Sowden, Pringle, and Gabora (2015) systematically review the multiple theories in creativity that can be conceptualized as dual-process in nature. Research found that people were able to discern their more creative responses – and that people who were more open to experience were more likely to choose accurately. Finally, Amabile singles out your motivation toward the task at hand. Barr, Pennycook, Stolz, and Fugelsang (2015a) carried out behavioral work that showed a key role for analytic, controlled thinking in processing creative analogies as well. It was first articulated by Teresa Amabile in 1983 and has undergone considerable evolution since then. Much of the core creativity research and theory is rooted in the arts, but writing and visual art have been more traditional subjects. The circles representing creativity and intelligence overlap. It is quite possible that both domain specificity and generality are true, each in part and in its own way. Our vision was for a dialog between those who study creativity in animals and those who study the same topic in humans. Yet studies of acting, dancing, and other performance-based arts have continued to grow, and it is my delight to introduce Creativity and the Performing Artist: Behind the Mask as the latest volume to the Explorations in Creativity Research series from Academic Press. Creative people, like good investors, generate ideas that, at the time are viewed as … This theory breaks down how personality effects creativity into two options: The evolution of creative theory has brought our understanding of what creativity is from Guilford's solely cognitive representation in the 1900's to our modern day model that includes intellect, context (problem type and motivation), and personality each as factors of influence. In summary, a core contribution of Amabile’s (1993) proposal is to have highlighted the role played by contextual factors such as organizational climate in influencing the individual features critical for creativity. The Four C Model of Creativity. A potential theory, including every aspect of creativity, is even deemed so cumbersome that it would be incomprehensible and of no use in practical research [35]. knm763. An original recipe that produces a dish that tastes too terrible to eat cannot be creative. For example, in a free-association task, Benedek and Neubauer (2013) explored the roles of associative hierarchies in low and high creative thinkers. In his book Imagination and Creativity in Childhood (1995/1930), Vygotsky goes further and develops his theory of creativity. Two studies were conducted in which participants' scores on divergent thinking tests were analyzed as a function of performance on a number of measures of executive function (including broad retrieval ability and general fluid intelligence) and answers to a verbal fluency task, in which semantic distance served as a measure of associative ability. that every mental task was made up of three separate parts: an operation, a content, and a product. Finally, selective comparison involves relating new information to old information in a novel way. Intellectual abilities are generally acknowledged to be necessary but not sufficient for creativity. The theory is grounded in a definition of creativity as the production of ideas or outcomes that are both novel and appropriate to … Creativity remains somewhat of an elusive concept however, and therefore many different definitions and theories exist concerning what creativity is … The creator will then know when to move on to pursue other ideas (as in selling high, when one divests oneself of stocks). They explain, in detail, the considerable deviation in conceptualizations mentioned above—that dual-process theories of cognition predominantly focus on distinctions of autonomy and control in dividing types of processing, whereas creativity researchers tend to focus on the difference between generative and evaluative processes, and divergent and convergent thinking. Innovation can be described as: Paula Thomson and Victoria S. Jacque have produced a comprehensive, meaningful work that is readable, grounded in the literature, and of great interest to scholars and performers alike. Write. These authors argue that an important task for creativity research is to understand the interaction between generative/evaluative and divergent/convergent modes of thinking in the context of more general dual-process models of cognition that focus on autonomy and control and map the shifts between these different types of processing as they relate to different stages of creative thought. Creativity and innovation found in the animal kingdom appear to follow similar rules, constraints, and models to those in humans. -b. Adaptive flexibility, or the ability to produce responses that are novel and high in quality, This represents the base model by which several researchers would take and alter to produce their new theories of creativity years later. They found no support for the notion that the high creatives were accessing more remote associates earlier on and argued that “creativity … may not necessarily imply a special organization of associative memory, but it may rather rely on advanced executive abilities allowing for a highly effective access [to] and processing of memory content” (p. 287). FUNDAMENTALS Creativity is the production of a novel and appropriate response, product, or solution to an open-ended task. One such theory is Sternberg and Lubart's ‘investment’ theory of creativity, in which the key to being creative is to buy low and sell high in the world of ideas. Human activity that produces something new that is context Associational fluency, or the ability to organize into. Article describes this theory ’ s theory theories of creativity his relativity principle provided explanations for what otherwise would be empirical! 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